Innovative Materials Used In Construction Every Contractor Should Know

Picture of two construction workers with the text -innovative construction materials

What are Construction Materials?

Construction materials are the materials that are used for different construction purposes such as materials for house building, materials for building roads, etc. Wood, cement, aggregates, metals, bricks, concrete, and clay are some of the most common types of building materials that are used in the various construction industries such as the infrastructure industry.

Why Innovation in Construction Materials is Important

As everything is getting digitized. Innovation in building materials is the future of our construction industry. Innovation is not always about creating new technologies or new construction materials but evolving what we already have, evolving the given, and experimenting to create something more productive with it. Digitization of the construction material is important because of the increasing demand for a sustainable environment and eco-friendly construction is rising.

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List Of Innovative Construction Materials

The construction industry has continuously had a series of innovations and the industry is on its way for the complete digitization. We can see how technological advancements and research have impacted the construction industry. The need to keep up with the demand for advanced housing construction work, disaster management projects, and escalated construction costs created the need for developing new innovative solutions in the construction material field.

1) Translucent Wood

Picture of translucent wood with the text - transparent wood, the building material of future

The first material on the list is “Translucent Wood”. Translucent wood can now be used to develop windows and solar panels. The process of making translucent wood includes first, removing the lining in the wood veneer, and then the second and final process is nanoscale tailoring. Translucent wood can be created at a mass scale very easily and it can be used in various types of constructions.

2) Hydroceramics

Picture of hydroceramics

Hydro-ceramics is one of the coolest building materials to revolutionize the construction industry. Hydro-ceramics are made by combining clay and hydrogel. Hydro-ceramics have the ability to reduce the indoor temperature by up to 6 degrees Celsius.

The cooling effect is because of the presence of hydrogel in its structure. Hydrogel absorbs water, up to 500 times its weight. The absorbed water is released to reduce the temperature on hot days.

3) Light Generating Cement

Light-generating cement

Researchers have created a cement that has the ability to absorb and illuminate light. With the help of this new light-generating cement, its potential uses and applications can be huge in the current construction industry.

The construction industry is evolving at a very high speed and one of the main trends is to move towards a more sustainable and energy-efficient way of creating different construction structures. Therefore, the implications of cement acting as a ‘light bulb’ are very wide. We can use them in swimming pools, parking lots, road safety signs, and in much more different areas.

4) Bio-Plastic

Picture of bio-plastics

Another very beautiful innovation in the construction material industry is the invention of bioplastic furniture. Bio-Plastic material is based on natural fibers and it is extracted from beet, corn, and sugar cane. The Bio Plastic Furniture can work just like traditional plastic, and the main advantage is that it is 100% biodegradable and recyclable.

5) Electrified Wood

picture of electrified wood

Nobody wants wires hanging here and there in their homes but wires are an essential part of a building or structure in order to provide electricity for lights and other electrical appliances. But what if I say that small electrical works like home decoration lights etc, can be done without wires? Yes it is possible with “Electrified Wood”

Now you may never have to deal with the Bunch of wires that you need to handle while lighting for home decoration purposes. The Wood European manufacturing company has materials that can incorporate a source of electricity directly into tables and chairs.

Electrified wood is made by inserting two metal layers, that are pressed between the wood of the furniture, making it possible to pass an electrical current through the wood which will minimize the use of wires.

6) Self-Healing Cement

picture of self-healing cement

Self-healing cement is one of the most important innovative construction materials. Self-healing cement is currently being developed which has the ability to repair its cracks. This cement is manufactured by mixing the normal cement with microcapsules that release a glue-like epoxy resin that will automatically repair any cracks that are formed in its structure.

Self-Healing cement can absorb and release large amounts of heat This material can save energy by developing buildings that can control their temperature, and save money on repair works.

7) Carbon Fiber

picture of carbon fibre

Carbon fibers are made up of carbon strands that are thinner than human hair. The carbon strands can be woven together, like cloth, and then they can be molded to any shape you might want. The advantage of carbon fiber is that it is extremely strong and light-weighted. The carbon fiber material is 5 times as strong as steel, and two times as stiff, and yet it weighs about two-thirds less than steel.

In addition, carbon fibers are strong as well as flexible, so it’s the perfect material for various construction projects, especially for those areas that are exposed to hurricanes and tornados.

8) Pollution-Absorbing Bricks

picture of pollution absorbing brick

Increasing population density and pollution bring critical challenges that push the industry to develop sustainable solutions. Pollution absorbing bricks filter the air from outside and provide it to structures’ interior. These bricks are porous concrete blocks designed to direct airflow to a system. These bricks are cheap compared to other mechanical pollution filtration technologies.
The main advantage is that these bricks use lesser manpower and require no skilled labor to construct the system.

9) 3D- Graphene

Picture of 3D Graphene

For a long time, normal graphene is a unique nanomaterial with distinct thermal, electrical, and optical properties. Graphene had for long interested scientists, but their standard 2D form bore little fruit in construction. But now in this era of innovation 3D graphene has been evolving as a substitute for normal graphene. 3D printing compressed small flakes of graphene under high pressure and heat and created structures like cylinders that could withhold substantial loads.

10) Power Generating Glass

Picture of pile of power generating glass

Energy use in different built spaces such as offices, residential buildings, malls, etc is a big concern considering that these spaces contribute to 40% of global carbon emissions. This led to the idea of power-generating glass.

Solar and wind systems have been in use for a long but now, turning windows into solar panels is the real future. Power generating glass resembles regular glass, but it can deflect invisible light wavelengths and convert them to energy. This glass reduces electricity costs and minimizes pollution caused due to carbon emissions.

Conclusion

It becomes very clear that many things are already changing in the sector with regard to the materials used in construction. The potential is enormous and as long as we are able to combine the traditional building materials with a modern and sustainable approach then more cost and energy-efficient building materials will emerge soon.

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shikhar shukla
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