Work Hours
Monday to Friday: 7AM - 7PM
Weekend: 10AM - 5PM

Different Types of Stones Used in Building Construction Every Contractor Should Know

Picture of pile of stones with the heading- Important stones used in construction

Different types of Stones are used in the construction industry for different purposes, such as flooring, paving roads, masonry works, roofing, etc. Stones are manufactured from different artificial and naturally occurring substances. Stones used in construction should be rugged, durable, and free from cracks and other defects. A stone is formed from rocks after being trimmed, dressed, or polished into tiny pieces.

Types of rocks

Mostly Used Stones in the Construction Industry

  1. Granite

Granite is a light-colored stone that possesses a massive crystalline structure. Granite is mainly used in construction for making table tops, kitchen tops, etc. The advantage of granite is that it is a solid, durable, and weather-resistant rock.

  1. Syenite

Syenite is used for various construction processes, such as constructing pavements, external facings of building walls, etc.

  1. Pumice

Pumice is a fine-grained rock. Pumice is formed during molten lava’s rapid cooling and solidification, although its specific composition is still unknown. Pumice rocks have a shallow specific gravity that can float on water.

  1. Basalt

Basalt is a dark-colored fine-grained rock with a mono-crystalline and aphantic texture. The advantages of basalt include its high resistance to corrosion and high-temperature making, which provides safety & stability to the structure.

  1. Sandstone

Sandstone is a compact, homogeneous, non-crystalline rock used in various construction activities such as building and road constructions. Sandstone is entirely composed of quartz grains of medium size, cemented together by siliceous materials.

  1. Shale

Shale is a fine-grained rock made up of quartz grains used as a component in cement production and aggregates for road construction. It is also used as a component for brick and tile manufacturing.

  1. Limestone

Limestone is a sedimentary rock mainly used as a raw material in cement and tile manufacturing. It is a complex, non-crystalline rock consisting of calcium carbonate in its composition. The main advantage of using limestone is that it is a natural way of cooling structures and is very durable.

  1. Marble

Marble is a metamorphic rock composed of calcite or dolomite crystals. Marbles exhibit a variety of colors, and their colors vary from purest white to black. Marble is solid and durable rock, making it the perfect flooring and interior decor choice.

  1. Quartzite

Quartzite is a metamorphic rock and the most popular stone used in construction. It is formed from a parent rock of quartz-rich sandstone. Quartzite is used primarily to cover walls as a decorative material. The advantages of quartzite include its hardness, texture, and high strength.

  1. Gneiss

Gneiss rocks are formed when a sedimentary or igneous rock has been buried deeply under high temperatures and pressures. These rocks are used for decorative purposes on floors, walls, etc.


Stones are a vital part of raw materials used in the construction industry. Various types of stones are available in the market according to the nature of the construction project. A contractor should always understand the nature and execution of his project before placing the order for stones.

People also search for: types of stones, types of stones used in construction, raw stone for civil project, types of stones used in construction in India, stones used in construction, stones for construction, rocks used in construction, different types of stones, small stones used in construction, different types of stones and its uses, different types of stones used in construction, types of stone used in construction

shikhar shukla
shikhar shukla
Articles: 180

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *