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Different Types of Stones Used in Building Construction Every Contractor Should Know
Different types of Stones are used in the construction industry for different purposes, such as flooring, paving roads, masonry works, roofing, etc. Stones are manufactured from different artificial and naturally occurring substances. Stones used in construction should be rugged, durable, and free from cracks and other defects. A stone is formed from rocks after being trimmed, dressed, or polished into tiny pieces.
Mostly Used Stones in the Construction Industry
Granite is a light-colored stone that possesses a massive crystalline structure. Granite is mainly used in construction for making table tops, kitchen tops, etc. The advantage of granite is that it is a solid, durable, and weather-resistant rock.
Syenite is used for various construction processes, such as constructing pavements, external facings of building walls, etc.
Pumice is a fine-grained rock. Pumice is formed during molten lava’s rapid cooling and solidification, although its specific composition is still unknown. Pumice rocks have a shallow specific gravity that can float on water.
Basalt is a dark-colored fine-grained rock with a mono-crystalline and aphantic texture. The advantages of basalt include its high resistance to corrosion and high-temperature making, which provides safety & stability to the structure.
Sandstone is a compact, homogeneous, non-crystalline rock used in various construction activities such as building and road constructions. Sandstone is entirely composed of quartz grains of medium size, cemented together by siliceous materials.
Shale is a fine-grained rock made up of quartz grains used as a component in cement production and aggregates for road construction. It is also used as a component for brick and tile manufacturing.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock mainly used as a raw material in cement and tile manufacturing. It is a complex, non-crystalline rock consisting of calcium carbonate in its composition. The main advantage of using limestone is that it is a natural way of cooling structures and is very durable.
Marble is a metamorphic rock composed of calcite or dolomite crystals. Marbles exhibit a variety of colors, and their colors vary from purest white to black. Marble is solid and durable rock, making it the perfect flooring and interior decor choice.
Quartzite is a metamorphic rock and the most popular stone used in construction. It is formed from a parent rock of quartz-rich sandstone. Quartzite is used primarily to cover walls as a decorative material. The advantages of quartzite include its hardness, texture, and high strength.
Gneiss rocks are formed when a sedimentary or igneous rock has been buried deeply under high temperatures and pressures. These rocks are used for decorative purposes on floors, walls, etc.
Stones are a vital part of raw materials used in the construction industry. Various types of stones are available in the market according to the nature of the construction project. A contractor should always understand the nature and execution of his project before placing the order for stones.
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